‘A GIS Analysis of the 1911 Census for Rathmines and Pembroke’
Fergus Fahey, GIS and Research Analyst at FAC, is the winner of the IRLOGI Student Poster Competition for his research project ‘A Tale of Two Suburbs: A GIS Analysis of the 1911 Census for Rathmines and Pembroke’.
A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, analyse and present spatial or geographical data. The ‘Excellence in Geospatial Student Project Award‘ formed part of the ‘Space and Place Awards 2016‘ at last month’s IRLOGI conference which recognise the exemplary application of geospatial technologies and information in an academic environment.
The research project used an historical GIS to search for new insights based on the the 1911 census data for the Dublin suburbs of Pembroke and Rathmines (now Dublin 4 and Dublin 6). Pembroke, a township tightly controlled by a single landowner (the Earl of Pembroke), was highly socially segregated between its wealthy and very poor residents; while Rathmines consisted of piecemeal development driven by short-term commercial interests and therefore had less contrast and fewer residents at the extremes of the social spectrum.
Geocoded data was used to test the hypotheses of the project, using the information available about individuals contained in the census and based on their address. Point data was available for more than 66,000 individuals and was analysed using GIS techniques including hotspot analysis, segregation indices, and kernel density.
The Irish Organisation for Geographic Information (IRLOGI) is the umbrella organisation for the geographical information industry in Ireland and is a member of EUROGI – the European umbrella organisation for geographical information.
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